While installing a stove is straightforward, it’s important to take the proper safety precautions. If you do not have the right tools or you are concerned about your safety, you should have the appliance delivery company hook up the stove instead. If they do not offer that service, hire a handyperson or plumber to make the connection for you. These steps explain how to install a gas stove safely without needing to worry about dangerous gas leaks.
How To Hook Up a Gas Stove
Follow these steps to hook up a gas range and install the gas line. While these steps are comprehensive, some lines or kits will follow a different procedure. Always review the instructions for installing your specific line or kit before beginning. If you have questions or need assistance, contact a licensed plumber.
1. Gather the Right Supplies and Tools
Before you start installing your gas stove, you need to gather the right supplies and tools. At the very least, the supplies you need are a flexible gas line, a shut-off valve, and pipe thread tape or sealant. In some cases, you will also need pipe fittings.
Some stoves will include a connection kit that includes all or most of the items you need. You can also buy universal kits or all of the items individually at your local home improvement store.
If you plan to use pipe thread tape, only use yellow tape. White Teflon pipe tape is meant for liquid connections, while yellow is meant for gas. The difference is the thickness of the
In terms of tools, you will need either a pipe wrench or an adjustable crescent wrench. A second wrench or adjustable pliers are also helpful. A gas leak detector is also recommended. You will also need warm, soapy water and a sponge, which can also double as a leak detector.
2. Shut Off the Gas and Prepare the Gas Line and Stove
Once you have gathered all the tools and supplies, start by shutting off the gas. Turn off the gas to your home, as well as any valves near the stove. If your old stove is still connected, turn on the burners to ensure the lines are clear and the valves are completely closed.
Then disconnect any existing connections or valves with the pipe or crescent wrench. Peel or cut the existing pipe thread tape off of the gas supply line. Then clean the pipe connections with soap, water, and a sponge.
Position the stove three to four feet away from the wall and at a slight angle so you can easily get in and out of the area. It’s also helped to make sure you can reach everything you need easily or to have someone available to hand them to you.
3. Seal or Wrap the Pipe Threads
Even when properly tightened, gas can leak between the threads. For this reason, you need to use either pipe tape or sealant.
When using Teflon pipe tape, wrap it around the treads twice in a clockwise direction. This will lock down the tape and completely fill the gap as you tighten the fitting.
While pipe tape is the most common, you can also use pipe sealant. You only need to paint a thin layer around the threads.
Whichever product you use, you only need to seal the male side of the connection. The male side has visible grooves on the outside, while the female side has grooves on the inside of the connection.
You need to seal the gas pipe coming out of the wall and the connection on the stove itself. If your gas line has a separate shutoff valve, also prep that connection with tape or sealant as well.
4. Install the Gas Line
With the pipe prepared, you need to install the connection line to the gas pipe coming out of the floor or wall. Whenever possible, you should use a line that includes a shutoff valve. Some lines already have one attached, and some connection kits will include them.
If your shutoff valve is separate, start by connecting it to the gas pipe. Thread the valve on by hand, then use a wrench to tighten it down. While you want a good seal, avoid overtightening it. Then install the gas connector to the valve, being careful not to overtighten it.
If the shutoff valve is attached to the gas line or you are not using a shutoff valve, attach it to the pipe. Hand thread on the connector, then tighten it with a wrench. Again, do not over-tighten it.
5. Hook Up the Gas Line to the Stove
Most modern gas stoves include an angled connection that makes hooking up the gas line easier. However, you may need to install a street elbow if the gas connection is straight or hard to reach with a wrench.
A street elbow is an angled pipe connection, usually a 90-degree turn. However, 45- and 22.5-degree elbows are available. Some gas connection kits will include a street elbow, but you usually need to buy them separately. If you are using a street elbow, install that first.
Check that your connections are taped or sealed, then hook up the gas connector. Hand thread it on the pipe, then tighten it down with a wrench. Do not overtighten it, as it can damage the fittings.
6. Check for Leaks
With all the connections hooked up, turn on the gas valves. Light one burner and let the gas run until all the air is out of the pipe. The burner will pop, crackle, or burp during the process. Once the flames are smooth and steady, you can shut off the burner.
Then spray the gas line connections with the leak detector. Alternatively, use a sponge to wipe the connections with soapy water. With the valves open and the burner off, watch each connection for 10 seconds and look for bubbles.
Bubbles mean there is a leak, and you needed to tighten that connection more. If you don’t see bubbles, you are ready to finish installing.
If you smell gas at any point, shut off the burner and close the valves immediately. Tighten the connections further or contact a plumber for assistance.
7. Finish Installing the Stove
Lastly, push the stove back against the wall. Move slowly, so you do not scratch the floor. Check the stove is level and adjust the feet if necessary. Then install any remaining parts, including the burner covers or grates and gas knobs or handles.